Worked examples are step-by-step explanations or examples of how to solve a particular problem or complete a task. These examples help students understand the problem-solving process and provide a model for how to apply the concepts they are learning. Not only do they include an example of work completed, but they often include annotations/success criteria explaining components.
Worked examples have been shown to boost student learning in several ways:
- Improved problem-solving skills: Worked examples provide students with a clear and concrete demonstration of how to solve a problem, which can help them develop their problem-solving skills.
- Increased motivation: Seeing the process of solving a problem or completing a task can help students feel more confident and motivated to tackle similar tasks on their own.
- Reduced cognitive load: Worked examples can simplify the problem-solving process, reducing the cognitive load on students and allowing them to focus on the key concepts and strategies.
- Enhanced understanding: Worked examples provide students with a deeper understanding of the concepts and procedures involved in solving a problem or completing a task, which can improve their long-term retention and transfer of the material.
In summary, worked examples can be a powerful tool for boosting student learning, particularly in subjects that require problem-solving skills such as mathematics, science, and engineering. By providing clear and concrete examples, worked examples can help students develop their skills, increase their motivation, and deepen their understanding of the material.